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Title: Latent profile analysis of working memory capacity and thinking styles in adults and adolescents
Contributor(s): Fletcher, Jennifer (author); Marks, Anthony  (author); Hine, Donald W  (author)
Publication Date: 2012
DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2011.11.003
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Abstract: This study of adults (n = 269) and adolescents (n = 308) applied latent profile analysis to preference for rational and/or experiential cognition, coupled with working memory capacity (WMC). A 4-profile solution comprising rationally dominant, experientially dominant, dual preference, and disengaged groups was retained for both adult and adolescent samples. Our solution indicated that high WMC was associated with both preference and ability to engage in rational processing. Profile membership significantly discriminated both adults and adolescents on several reasoning tasks and measures of cognitive biases. Overall our results indicate that cognitive processing styles and WMC can be combined to create a typology that distinguishes between four types of thinkers who significantly differ in their performance on reasoning tasks.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Research in Personality, 46(1), p. 40-48
Publisher: Academic Press
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 0092-6566
Field of Research (FOR): 170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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