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Title: A New small-bodied hominin from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia
Contributor(s): Brown, PJ (author); Sutikna, T (author); Morwood, MJ (author); Soejono, RP (author); Jatmiko, (author); Wayhu Saptomo, E (author); Awe Due, R (author)
Publication Date: 2004
DOI: 10.1038/nature02999
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Abstract: Currently, it is widely accepted that only one hominin genus, Homo, was present in Pleistocene Asia, represented by two species, Homo erectus and Homo sapiens. Both species are characterized by greater brain size, increased body height and smaller teeth relative to Pliocene Australopithecus in Africa. Here we report the discovery, from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia, of an adult hominin with stature and endocranial volume approximating 1 m and 380 cm³, respectively—equal to the smallest-known australopithecines. The combination of primitive and derived features assigns this hominin to a new species, Homo floresiensis. The most likely explanation for its existence on Flores is long-term isolation, with subsequent endemic dwarfing, of an ancestral H. erectus population. Importantly, H. floresiensis shows that the genus Homo is morphologically more varied and flexible in its adaptive responses than previously thought.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Nature, 431(7012), p. 1055-1061
Publisher: NPG
Place of Publication: London
ISSN: 0028-0836
Field of Research (FOR): 160102 Biological (Physical) Anthropology
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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