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|Title:||Effects of a xylanase on individual bird variation, starch digestion throughout the intestine, and ileal and caecal volatile fatty acid production in chickens fed wheat||Contributor(s):||Choct, Mingan (author) ; Hughes, Robert J (author); Bedford, M R (author)||Publication Date:||1999||DOI:||10.1080/00071669987548||Handle Link:||https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/13224||Abstract:||1. The effects of a xylanase on digesta viscosity and starch digestibility throughout the small intestine and volatile fatty acid production in the ileum and caeca were investigated in broilers fed on a low-metabolisable energy wheat diet. 2. The xylanase reduced (P <0.01) duodenal (2.9 vs 1 7), jejunal (4.6 vs 2.3) and ileal (14.0 vs 3.9) digesta viscosities (mPas) and increased AME (P <0 01) of the wheat and starch digestibility (P <0.5) in the jejunum and ileum. Between-bird variability in ME and digestibility of starch was also reduced. 3. Enzyme supplementation reduced (P <0.05) fermentation in the ileum, but increased (P <0.05) it in the caeca. 4. The anti-nutritive effect of soluble non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) is related to their ability to increase digesta viscosity along the gut; this in turn causes changes in gut microflora and efficiency of nutrient utilisation by the chicken. Use of appropriate enzymes is an effective way of dealing with grains with high NSP content in poultry diets.||Publication Type:||Journal Article||Source of Publication:||British Poultry Science, 40(3), p. 419-422||Publisher:||Taylor & Francis Ltd||Place of Publication:||United Kingdom||ISSN:||1466-1799
|Field of Research (FOR):||070204 Animal Nutrition||Peer Reviewed:||Yes||HERDC Category Description:||C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal||Statistics to Oct 2018:||Visitors: 223
|Appears in Collections:||Journal Article|
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