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Title: Application of the acousto-optic effect to pressure measurements in ultrasound fields in water using a laser vibrometer
Contributor(s): Buick, James (author); Cosgrove, JA (author); Douissard, P-A (author); Greated, CA (author); Gilabert, B (author)
Publication Date: 2004
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1063/1.1790556
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Abstract: A non-intrusive measuring technique, applied to sensing and measuring acoustic waves at ultrasonic frequencies is considered. The method is optically based and so does not interfere with the ultrasound field. The measurement procedure relies on the acousto-optic effect, that is the change in refractive index which occurs with changing pressure in the ultrasound field. This change in refractive index is detected through the change in the path length of a laser beam propagating through the region of interest. Typically these changes are small corresponding to a physical change of the order of 10–⁶ m. Fourier analysis is used to separate the component of the signal corresponding to the pressure variation from background noise and vibrations which can be dominant. Application of the technique is illustrated for an underwater ultrasound transducer. Measurements are made using the optical technique and compared to measurements taken with a hydrophone. The effectiveness of the optical measuring technique is discussed. It is shown that the laser vibrometer produces a good estimation of the mean beam pressure provided an estimation of the beam width is available, a restriction which is often satisfied; and the acoustic field can be assumed to be approximately constant across the beam.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Review of Scientific Instruments, 75(10), p. 3203-3207
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Place of Publication: United States
ISSN: 0034-6748
Field of Research (FOR): 020301 Acoustics and Acoustical Devices; Waves
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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