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Title: Essential Oil of Eryngium L. Species from New South Wales (Australia)
Contributor(s): Brophy, JJ (author); Goldsack, RJ (author); Copeland, Lachlan (author); Palá-Paúl, J (author)
Publication Date: 2003
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Abstract: The essential oils from aerial parts of five Eryngium species of New South Wales have been examined by GC and GC/MS. The oil of Eryngium expansum F. Muell was characterized by a high amount of 7-epi-α-selinene (38.3%), cis-β-guaiene (10.8%), 2,3,6-trimethylbenzaldehyde (8.0%) and (E,E)-α-farnesene (7.3%). The leaf oil of E. pandanifolium Chain, et Schlecht contained bornyl acetate (20.8%), β-selinene (13.8%), α-selinene (11.3%) and α-muurolene (8.0%) as the main compounds, while the fruit oil was characterized by heptanol (11.5%) and β-selinene (9.2%). The principal compounds of E. rostratum Cav. were found to be spathulenol (20.0%) and β-bisabolol (8.6%) in the leaf oil while β-bisabolol (65.3%) was the main component in the fruit oil. β-Caryophyllene (20.3%), germacrene D (19.2%) and α-humulene (8.8%) were found to be the major compounds of E. vesiculosum Lab ill. Two populations of an undescribed species (E. sp.1, E. sp. 2) of this genus were also studied, the principal compounds being α-pinene (14.5-46.2%), bicyclogermacrene (7.1-16.4%), cubebol (0.6-9.0%) and spathulenol (0.8-8.7%). This is the first report on the essential oil composition of these Australian species.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Essential Oil Research, 15(6), p. 392-397
Publisher: Allured Publishing
Place of Publication: Illinois, United States
ISSN: 1041-2905
Field of Research (FOR): 060199 Biochemistry and Cell Biology not elsewhere classified
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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