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Title: Chemistry of the Australian Gymnosperms. Part IX: The Leaf Oils of the Australian Members of the Genus 'Callitris' (Cupressaceae)
Contributor(s): Brophy, JJ (author); Goldsack, RJ (author); Forster, PI (author); Copeland, Lachlan (author); O'Sullivan, W (author); Rozefelds, AC (author)
Publication Date: 2007
DOI: 10.1080/10412905.2007.9699232
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Abstract: The leaf oils of the 18 species and four subspecies of the genus 'Callitris' endemic to Australia have been investigated by a combination of GC and GC/MS. All taxa produced oils in poor to moderate yields. 'Callitris baileyi' produced a leaf oil in which α-pinene and limonene together, contributed the majority of the oil, while in 'Callitris canescens' methyl citronellate also made significant contributions to the oil. In 'C. columellaris', limonene was the principal component, contributing up to 78% of the oil. 'Callitris drummondii' gave a leaf oil which showed two chemical varieties. The samples from Western Australia contained large amounts of α-pinene (67-69%), while the sample from South Australia contained limonene (10.9%), bornyl acetate (24.2%) and geranyl acetate (14.9%) as significant components. In 'C. endlicheri' the main components were limonene, α-pinene and bornyl acetate. Limonene and α-pinene were the principal components of the leaf oil of 'C. glaurophylla'. 'Callitris gracilis' ssp. 'gracilis' gave an oil in which the principal components were α-pinene, myrcene and limonene, while in ssp. 'murrayensis' α-pinene was the principal component. α-Pinene and limonene were the principal components of 'C. intratropica' and 'C. macleayana'. 'Callitris muelleri' was found in two chemical forms, one monoterpenoid and one sesquitepenoid, with either α-pinene or spathulenol being the principal component. In 'C. oblonga', which consists of three subspecies, α-pinene was the main component. In 'C. preissii' the major components were α-pinene, myrcene, limonene and bornyl acetate. 'Callitris rhomboidea' was distinguished from the vast majority of other 'Callitris' species by containing significant amounts of neryl acetate, geranyl acetate and citronellyl acetate. 'Callitris roei' contained significant amounts of sesquiterpenes in its leaf oil, with (E)-nerolidol being the principal component. In 'C. tuberculata' α-pinene and limonene were the major components. α-Pinene, limonene and camphor were the major components in the leaf oil of 'C. verrucosa', while in 'Callitris' sp. (Emerald Falls P.I. Forster +PIF26357) α-pinene and limonene were the principal components with significant amounts of α-fenchyl acetate. The leaf oil of the putative introgressed populations of 'C. columellaris' - 'C. verrucosa' had α-pinene (25-46%), myrcene (9-19%), limonene (14-24%), α-fenchyl acetate (8-13%) and bornyl acetate (4-13%) as the most significant components. The oil does provide similarities to the oils of both putative parent species in that it contains camphor (1-3%), which is characteristic of 'C. verrucosa' and bornyl acetate (2-13%) characteristic of 'C. glaucophylla'.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Essential Oil Research, 19(1), p. 57-71
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 1041-2905
Field of Research (FOR): 030499 Medicinal and Biomolecular Chemistry not elsewhere classified
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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