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|Title:||Understanding culture across species||Contributor(s):||Byrne, R (author); Barnard, PJ (author); Davidson, Iain (author) ; Janik, VM (author); McGrew, WC (author); Miklosi, A (author); Wiessner, P (author)||Publication Date:||2004||DOI:||10.1016/j.tics.2004.06.002||Handle Link:||https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/1812||Abstract:||Recent claims of culture in great apes have provoked fervent argument about the 'true' definition of culture, most of which has been unhelpful. Instead, a range of definitions should be used to explore different aspects of the cognitive processes that together result in human culture, many of which can be productively studied in non-humans. A richer cognitive account of the contents of culture needs to be developed and used to compare animal and human cultures, instead of sterile searching for a cognitive Rubicon between them. Exploring six views of culture, this article highlights the fundamental contrast of whether culture evolves as a by-product of cumulative change in cognitive mechanisms, or whether it is actively selected for its advantages.||Publication Type:||Journal Article||Source of Publication:||Trends in Cognitive Science, 8(8), p. 341-346||Publisher:||Elsevier Ltd||Place of Publication:||London, United Kingdom||ISSN:||1364-6613||Field of Research (FOR):||170103 Educational Psychology||Peer Reviewed:||Yes||HERDC Category Description:||C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal||Other Links:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2004.06.002
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