Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://une.intersearch.com.au/unejspui/handle/1959.11/1836
Title: Demography, migration and conflict in the Pacific
Contributor(s): Ware, Helen (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2006
Handle Link: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/1836
Abstract: This article explores the relationships between demography and internal conflict in the Pacific Island countries, focusing on the three sub-regions: Polynesia, Micronesia and Melanesia. These countries confront distinctive challenges and opportunities because of their unique cultures and non-militarized status, combined with very small size and remote locations. The use of the MIRAB model of island economies based on migration, remittances, aid and bureaucracy is extended to examine its impact on social cohesion and the avoidance of internal conflict. For Polynesia, MIRAB is found to be a sustainable development strategy. Continuous emigration from Polynesia serves to reduce population pressure and communal tensions. Further, remittance income supports the Polynesian economies, and this also reduces the potential for conflict. For Micronesia, except Kiribati and Nauru, migration access to the USA is assured. In contrast, for the Melanesian countries, there is minimal emigration, rapid population growth and considerable intercommunal tension, which has resulted in several coups and one 'failed state'. Demographic pressure created by rapid population growth results in a lack of employment opportunities for youths (who provide the majority of participators in civil unrest and conflicts) rather than in direct pressure on land and other natural resources.
Publication Type: Book Chapter
Source of Publication: The Demography of Armed Conflict, p. 87-108
Publisher: Springer
Place of Publication: Dordrecht, The Netherlands
ISBN: 1402051344
9781402051340
Field of Research (FOR): 160805 Social Change
HERDC Category Description: B1 Chapter in a Scholarly Book
Other Links: http://nla.gov.au/anbd.bib-an41523868
http://www.springer.com/book/978-1-4020-5134-0
http://books.google.com/books?id=RJdzAAAACAAJ
Series Name: International Studies in Population
Series Number : v. 5
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Appears in Collections:Book Chapter
School of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences

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