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Title: The Influence of Social Support on Psychological Distress in Older Persons: An Examination of Interaction Processes in Australia
Contributor(s): Sharpley, Christopher  (author)orcid ; Hussain, Rafat  (author); Wark, Stuart  (author)orcid ; McEvoy, Mark  (author); Attia, John (author)
Publication Date: 2015
DOI: 10.2466/21.10.pr0.117c27z5
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Abstract: Social support is proposed as a coping mechanism against anxiety and depression amongst older persons, but few data have examined how this occurs. This study assessed the contributions of two sub-components of social support as mediators against psychological distress - broadly defined as anxiety and depression. 1,560 men and 1,758 women from the Hunter Community Study (Australia) completed the Duke Social Support Scale and the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale. The Duke Social Support Scale examined the amount of social interaction and satisfaction with social interactions. Significant mediating effects of social support were found in the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale items measuring depression but not anxiety. Satisfaction with social support was a significant predictor of Kessler Psychological Distress Scale total score and Sadness items, but the amount of social support was not a predictor of stress. Social support may assist with symptoms of depression, i.e., specific sadness/depressed mood, but not necessarily with anxiety. Implications for policy and service delivery were discussed.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Psychological Reports, 117(3), p. 883-896
Publisher: Ammons Scientific Ltd
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 0033-2941
Field of Research (FOR): 110903 Central Nervous System
111714 Mental Health
119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Statistics to Oct 2018: Visitors: 178
Views: 257
Downloads: 1
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Rural Medicine

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