Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://une.intersearch.com.au/unejspui/handle/1959.11/18473
Title: Earliest hominin occupation of Sulawesi, Indonesia
Contributor(s): van den Bergh, Gerrit D (author); Li, Bo (author); Suyono, (author); Storey, Michael (author); Setiabudi, Erick (author); Morwood, Michael J  (author); Brumm, Adam (author); Grun, Rainer (author); Yurnaldi, Dida (author); Moore, Mark  (author)orcid ; Kurniawan, Iwan (author); Setiawan, Ruly (author); Aziz, Fachroel (author); Roberts, Richard G (author)
Publication Date: 2016
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1038/nature16448Open Access Link
Handle Link: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/18473
Open Access Link: http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/3463/Open Access Link
Abstract: Sulawesi is the largest and oldest island within Wallacea, a vast zone of oceanic islands separating continental Asia from the Pleistocene landmass of Australia and Papua (Sahul). By one million years ago an unknown hominin lineage had colonized Flores immediately to the south, and by about 50 thousand years ago, modern humans ('Homo sapiens') had crossed to Sahul. On the basis of position, oceanic currents and biogeographical context, Sulawesi probably played a pivotal part in these dispersals. Uranium-series dating of speleothem deposits associated with rock art in the limestone karst region of Maros in southwest Sulawesi has revealed that humans were living on the island at least 40 thousand years ago. Here we report new excavations at Talepu in the Walanae Basin northeast of Maros, where in situ stone artefacts associated with fossil remains of megafauna ('Bubalus' sp., 'Stegodon' and 'Celebochoerus') have been recovered from stratified deposits that accumulated from before 200 thousand years ago until about 100 thousand years ago. Our findings suggest that Sulawesi, like Flores, was host to a long-established population of archaic hominins, the ancestral origins and taxonomic status of which remain elusive.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Grant Details: ARC/DP1093342
Source of Publication: Nature, 529(7585), p. 208-211
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1476-4687
0028-0836
Field of Research (FOR): 210102 Archaeological Science
210103 Archaeology of Asia, Africa and the Americas
210199 Archaeology not elsewhere classified
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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