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Title: Effect of egg washing and correlation between cuticle and egg penetration by various 'Salmonella' strains
Contributor(s): Gole, Vaibhav C (author); Roberts, Juliet R  (author); Sexton, Margaret (author); May, Damian (author); Kiermeier, Andreas (author); Chousalkar, Kapil  (author)
Publication Date: 2014
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2014.04.030
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Abstract: In Australia, Europe and the United States, eggs and egg products are frequently associated with 'Salmonella' food poisoning outbreaks. Many of the egg-associated 'Salmonella' outbreaks have been due to the products such as mayonnaise, ice-cream and cold desserts which are eaten without cooking following the addition of raw egg. The ability of four 'Salmonella' isolates (one each of S. Singapore, S. Adelaide, S. Worthington and S. Livingstone) to penetrate washed and unwashed eggs using whole egg and agar egg penetration methods was investigated in the current study. The results of the agar penetration experiment indicated that all the isolates used in the present study have the capacity to penetrate the eggshell. Eggshell penetration by the S. Worthington isolate was higher but not significant (p = 0.06) in washed eggs compared to unwashed eggs. However, for all other isolates (S. Singapore, S. Adelaide andS. Livingstone), there was no significant difference in penetration of washed and unwashed eggs. Statistical analysis indicated that cuticle score was a significant linear predictor of Salmonella eggshell penetration.Whole egg penetration results showed that all of the 'Salmonella' isolates used in the present study were capable of surviving on the eggshell surface after 21 days of incubation (at 20 °C) following a high dose of inoculation (105 CFU/mL). The combined data of all isolates demonstrated that, the survival rate of 'Salmonella' on eggshells (inoculated with 105 CFU/mL)was significantly higher (p = 0.002) at 20 °C as compared to 37 °C. S. Singapore, S. Worthington, and S. Livingstone were not detected in egg internal contents whereas S. Adelaide was detected in one egg's internal contents.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: International Journal of Food Microbiology, v.182-183, p. 18-25
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Place of Publication: Amsterdam, The Netherlands
ISSN: 1879-3460
Field of Research (FOR): 070205 Animal Protection (Pests and Pathogens)
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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