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Title: Transplant Experiments - a Powerful Method to Study Climate Change Impacts
Contributor(s): Nooten, Sabine (author); Andrew, Nigel R  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2017
DOI: 10.1002/9781119070894.ch4
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Abstract: This chapter identifies the way climate change responses that have been carried out to date with an emphasis on transplant experiments including: adaptation to a warmer climate; potential of range shifts; changes in phenology; shifts in species interactions; disentangling genotypic and phenotypic responses; and shifts in communities. Transplant experiments can be useful tools to experimentally investigate the potential of pole-or upwards range expansion, equator wards range contraction or contractions on both ends. To investigate the role of plant-insect interactions in driving range dynamics, plant species can be transplanted within the current range and beyond into the expanding range; impacts of the main herbivores can then be investigated over time and under natural field conditions. While field transplant experiments are very time- and labour-intensive and relatively rarely used, they offer a valuable complement to other commonly used approaches to study climate change, including species distribution modelling, observations along gradients and glasshouse experiments.
Publication Type: Book Chapter
Source of Publication: Global Climate Change and Terrestrial Invertebrates, p. 46-67
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Place of Publication: Chichester, United Kingdom
ISBN: 9781119070900
Field of Research (FOR): 060808 Invertebrate Biology
060208 Terrestrial Ecology
069902 Global Change Biology
HERDC Category Description: B1 Chapter in a Scholarly Book
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