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Title: In praise of the cafeteria principle: Language mixing in Hawai'i Creole
Contributor(s): Siegel, Jeff (author)
Publication Date: 2008
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Abstract: Bickerton (1981) argues against the influence of substrate languages in creoles, using the term "cafeteria principle" to ridicule the idea that a language could select features from various sources like items chosen for lunch at a cafeteria. However, this chapter demonstrates that several aspects of the morphosyntax of Hawai'i Creole have been modeled on features of different substrate languages, and therefore that a certain degree of mixing has occurred. On the other hand, the cafeteria principle that is demonstrated is not without certain principles and constraints. Two mechanisms are described that account for the features of one language ending up in another: language transfer in second language use and substrate reinforcement of diffused features. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the availability constraints and reinforcement principles that go some way in explaining why some substrate features end up in a creole while others do not.
Publication Type: Book Chapter
Source of Publication: Roots of Creole Structures: Weighing the Contributions of Substrates and Superstrates, p. 59-82
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Place of Publication: Amsterdam, Philadelphia
ISBN: 9789027252555
Field of Research (FOR): 200401 Applied Linguistics and Educational Linguistics
HERDC Category Description: B1 Chapter in a Scholarly Book
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Series Name: Creole language library
Series Number : 33
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Appears in Collections:Book Chapter

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