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Title: Open versus Closed Kinetic Chain Exercises following an Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Contributor(s): Jewiss, Daniel (author); Ostman, Cecilia (author); Smart, Neil  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2017
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1155/2017/4721548Open Access Link
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Abstract: Background. There is no consensus on whether closed kinetic chain (CKC) or open kinetic chain (OKC) exercises should be the intervention of choice following an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury or reconstruction. Methods. A systematic search identified randomized controlled trials of OKC versus CKC exercise training in people who had undergone ACL reconstructive surgery. All published studies in this systematic review were comparisons between OKC and CKC groups. Results. Seven studies were included. Lysholm knee scoring scale was not significantly different betweenOKC and CKC exercise patients: MD: −1.03%; CI: −13.02, 10.95; 𝑝 value = 0.87 (Chi2 = 0.18, df = 1, and 𝑝 value = 0.67). Hughston clinic questionnaire scores were not significantly different between OKC and CKC exercise patients: MD: −1.29% (−12.02, 9.43); 𝑝 value = 0.81 (Chi2 = 0.01, df = 1, and 𝑝 value = 0.93). Conclusions. While OKC and CKC may be beneficial during ACL surgical rehabilitation, there is insufficient evidence to suggest that either one is superior to the other.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Sports Medicine, v.2017, p. 1-10
Publisher: Hindawi
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 2314-6176
Field of Research (FOR): 110602 Exercise Physiology
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Rural Medicine
School of Science and Technology

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