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Title: Malaysia
Contributor(s): Siddiquee, Noore Alam (author); Zafarullah, Habib M (author)
Publication Date: 2004
DOI: 10.1081/E-EPAP-120024439
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Abstract: With an area of nearly 330,000 km² and a population of 23 million, Malaysia is located at the heart of Southeast Asia. It is essentially a plural society where over 50% of the population are Malays and the rest are Chinese, Indians, and indigenous people. Politically, Malaysia is one of the most stable countries of the region. Yet despite the presence of multiparty democracy, Malaysia is often branded as a 'semi-democracy' and its political system as 'hegemonic.' A single party - the United Malays National Organization - has been dominating the political scene since independence in 1957. Economically, Malaysia has made impressive gains over the past decades; the economy is largely export-led, and it continues to enjoy high levels of growth notwithstanding the setbacks of the recent Asian financial crisis. With a human development index (HDI) ranking of 59 in 2002, Malaysia also fares well internationally in terms of other socioeconomic indicators. The economic success of the country is attributed, among other things, to political stability, dynamic and visionary leadership, and the efficiency of the administrative system in planning and managing programs of socioeconomic development.
Publication Type: Entry In Reference Work
Source of Publication: Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy, p. 179-183
Publisher: Marcel Dekker
Place of Publication: New York, United States of America
ISBN: 0824742400
Field of Research (FOR): 169999 Studies in Human Society not elsewhere classified
HERDC Category Description: B2 Chapter in a Book - Other
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