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Title: Insulin-like growth factor-I measured in juvenile pigs is genetically correlated with economically important performance traits
Contributor(s): Bunter, Kim L (author); Hermesch, S (author)orcid ; Luxford, BG (author); Graser, HU (author); Crump, RE (author)
Publication Date: 2005
DOI: 10.1071/EA05048
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Abstract: Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is a naturally occurring polypeptide produced in the liver, muscle and fat tissues. It is known to be associated with growth and development during the postnatal growth period. Evidence for strong genetic correlations between juvenile IGF-I and performance traits would suggest this physiological measure would be useful as an early selection criterion. This paper reports estimates of genetic parameters from 9 trials where IGF-I was measured in juvenile pigs. All trials involved populations undergoing active selection for improved performance (e.g. efficient lean meat growth). Juvenile IGF-I was moderately heritable (average h 2: 0.31) and influenced by common litter effects (average c 2 : 0.15). Genetic correlations (r g) between juvenile IGF-I and backfat (BF), feed intake (FI) or feed conversion ratio (FCR) traits were generally large and positive: r g averaged 0.57, 0.41 and 0.65, respectively. Phenotypic correlations (r p) between juvenile IGF-I and BF, FI or FCR were much lower (r p averaged 0.21, 0.09, and 0.15, respectively) as residual correlations between IGF-I and these performance traits were low, consistent with being measured at very different times. Correlations (genetic or phenotypic) between juvenile IGF-I and growth traits (e.g. lifetime daily gain or test daily gain) were relatively low, with average values within ± 0.09 of zero. Results from the trials reported here, and several physiological studies, indicate that information on juvenile IGF-I concentration can be used as an early physiological indicator of performance traits traditionally measured later in life. There is a clear role for juvenile IGF-I to facilitate pre-selection and more accurate selection of livestock for hard to measure traits, such as FCR, in pig breeding programs.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 45(8), p. 783-792
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Place of Publication: Victoria, Australia
ISSN: 0816-1089
Field of Research (FOR): 070201 Animal Breeding
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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